How C Programming Language Works?

May 2, 2021


C is a compiled language. A compiler is a special tool that compiles the program and converts it into the object file which is machine readable. After the compilation process, the linker will combine different object files and creates a single executable file to run the program. The following diagram shows the execution of a ‘C’ program

Nowadays, various compilers are available online, and you can use any of those compilers. The functionality will never differ and most of the compilers will provide the features required to execute both ‘C’ and ‘C++’ programs.

Following is the list of popular compilers available online:

Clang compiler
MinGW compiler (Minimalist GNU for Windows)
Portable ‘C’ compiler
Turbo C
Summary
‘C’ was developed by Dennis Ritchie in 1972.
It is a robust language.
It is a low programming level language close to machine language
It is widely used in the software development field.
It is a procedure and structure oriented language.
It has the full support of various operating systems and hardware platforms.
Many compilers are available for executing programs written in ‘C’.
A compiler compiles the source file and generates an object file.
A linker links all the object files together and creates one executable file.
It is highly portable.


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