You already know that you should capitalize the first words of sentences. You learned this rule in first grade. If a question is followed by a question fragment that is closely related to the first, capitalize the fragment as well. She won a million dollars? Really? When capitalizing dialogue, the basic rule is fairly simple. […]

Names on the Calendar

Capitalize the days of the week and the months of the year because they were (mostly) named after people. We don’t capitalize seasons because they don’t come from names unless they are part of the name of an event.Our days of the week come from the Anglo-Saxons, who spoke a Germanic language. They borrowed them […]

Names in School

Only capitalize the names of school subjects if they are languages or specific names of classes. English, language arts, math, Algebra 1, science, Biology 101, history, U.S. History to the Civil War Hint:There are many math classes. Many specific names of classes have numbers in them. Others are long, complicated names so students and teachers […]

Names of Things

When people build things and give them names, capitalize the names. Capitalize the names of buildings, monuments, bridges, and other landmarks. Empire State Building, Statue of Liberty, Brooklyn Bridge, Grand Canyon For the same reason, capitalize the names of cars, trains, airplanes, ships, and spacecraft. Model T, Orient Express, Concorde, USS Enterprise, Atlantis When people […]

Names of Groups of People

Because you capitalize the names of places, you capitalize the words that come from them. Capitalize the names of nationalities or ethnic groups, languages, and their adjectives. German, Caucasian, Asian, Japanese Capitalize the names of religions, religious followers, holidays, and religious writings. Christianity, Judaism, Islam, HinduismChristians, Jews, Muslims, HindusChristmas, Hanukkah, Ramadan, HoliBible, Torah, Koran, Vedas […]

Names of Places

Capitalize the names of places. Make sure to capitalize all the parts of the name except for the articles (a, an, the), and short (2-4 letter) prepositions (of, to, in, with …). Orlando, Orange County, Florida, Atlantic Ocean, Lake Ontario, Des Plaines River, Gulf of Mexico, Kale Avenue, 32nd Street, Highway A1A Hint:If you spell out […]


Capitalize family relationship titles when they are used with names or in place of names. Do not capitalize them if they do not replace the name. Aunt Denise, Uncle Jerry, Grandfather Joe.Mom told you to ask Dad since she was busy.My mother told you to ask my father since she was busy. Hint: If you can […]

Names of People

Always capitalize the pronoun I. I always make sure I capitalize the pronoun I correctly. Always capitalize the names of people and animals. Joe, Mary, Clifford, Garfield, Spot, Scruffy Capitalize all parts of a name. Some surnames (last names) have unusual capitalization because of their original meaning. Names with more than one part can vary as families change […]