Classifying Verbs

Remember, main verbs can be action or linking verbs. Action verbs can be transitive or intransitive. Intransitive action: We packed for the trip.We slept all day Intransitive verbs do not have a direct object in the sentence. Transitive action: The ferret stole the dog’s toy.The baseball broke my neighbor’s window. Action verbs that are transitive have a direct object. Linking: The weather was beautiful that […]

Distinguishing Between Objects and Complements

To distinguish between direct objects and subject complements, you need to decide if the verb is acting on the object or if the complement is renaming or describing the subject. We sailed the spaceship out of the atmosphere. – Direct object (We took the spaceship and sailed it.)Our trip to outer space was exciting. – Subject complement (Exciting describes trip.) To distinguish […]

Object Complements

Definition: The object complement renames or describes the direct object the same way the subject complement renames or describes the subject. The class voted Hilary most friendly. (friendly describes Hilary)His late arrival had his mother worried. (worried describes the mother)

Subject Complements

If the verb in a sentence is a linking verb instead of an action verb, then it cannot take a direct object. Definition: A subject complement is the word after the linking verb that renames or describes the subject. It completes (not gives a compliment to) the verb. Hayley is a nice girl. (girl renames Hayley)Hayley is nice. (nice describes Hayley) Subject complements can be […]

Challenges with Direct Objects

Challenge 1: Compound Direct Objects A verb may have two direct objects. Bob hit the trash can and the mail box on his way out of the driveway. Challenge 2: Direct Objects in Questions In a question, the direct object may be the interrogative pronoun what, which, or whom. It cannot be where, how, or when. They are adverbs. Sometimes it helps to keep all the words in the […]

Direct Objects

Definition: A transitive verb is a verb that takes a direct object.Definition: A direct object is the noun or pronoun that directly receives the action of the verb. Dante threw the ball. (He took the ball and threw it. Ball is the direct object.) Hint:First find the subject and verb. Then ask yourself, “The subject verbed what?” putting the subject and verb into […]

Complete Subjects and Predicates

Definition: A sentence can be divided into two halves: the complete subject and the complete predicate. The complete subject is made up of all the words that tell who or what the sentence is about. The complete predicate includes the verb and all the words that tell what happened in the sentence. Every word in the […]

Compound Subjects and Predicates

Definition: A sentence has a compound subject when it has more than one subject. It has a compound predicate when there is more than one predicate. Sometimes sentences can have both a compound subject and a compound predicate. Rachel and Steffi read the same book. (compound subject)Ulysses ran, swam, and rode a bicycle in the triathlon. (compound predicate)My dog and ferrets play and sleep together. (compound subject and predicate) Compound subjects and predicates are […]

Challenging Subjects

Challenge 1: Questions In questions, the subject is often either after the verb or between parts of the verb phrase. Where are my slippers?Will we be going to the mall? Hint:Keep all the words and turn the sentence into a declarative sentence. We will be going to the mall. Challenge 2: Commands In commands, the subject of the verb is always the unstated you. Raise your […]

Simple Predicates

Definition: The simple predicate of a sentence is the verb that is done in the sentence. It can be the action that happens, the state of being, or the linking verb.Hint:Ask yourself, “The subject did what?” It can help if you find the subject first. Carlos wrote a letter to his uncle. (Carlos did what? He wrote.)My neighbor’s dog barked all night. (Dog […]