Special Types of Adverbs

May 22, 2021

Other Types of Adverbs

Some nouns can act as adverbs, and some adverbs do unusual jobs.Definition: Adverbial nouns may appear to be direct objects, but instead of answering the question “What?” they tell wherewhere tohow longhow far, or how much.

Where: We bicycle the back roads for safety and the scenery.
Where to (direction): We sailed east from Florida.
How long: The car ride lasted four hours.
How far: I run two miles every morning.
How much (measure): That mug holds eight ounces of hot cocoa.
How much (value): That gold bar is worth two hundred dollars.

Definition: Interrogative adverbs ask a question. They include whywherewhen, and how.

Why are you late?
Where is your homework?
When will you turn it in?
How will you get a good grade?

Definition: Relative adverbs, like relative pronouns, connect clauses. They are the same words as the interrogative adverbs, whenwhere, and why.

That is the store where I bought that jacket.
That is the reason why we were late.
Last Tuesday was when I saw it last.

Definition: Conjunctive adverbs also join clauses together with a transition. They need a semicolon before them when joining sentences. Some common conjunctive adverbs are anywaybesidesconsequentlyfinallyfurthermorehoweverinsteadlikewisemeanwhileneverthelessnextotherwisespecificallystillsubsequentlythentherefore, and thus.

We got a late start; however, we should be there on time.
I had been planning on going running; instead, I ran on my treadmill.