Everyone drinks water.
Water is drunk by everyone.
“Voice” is a grammatical category that applies to verbs. Voice in English expresses the relationship of the subject to the action. Voice has two values:
- active: the subject does the action
- passive: the subject receives the action
The active voice is the “normal” voice – the one that we use most of the time. In the active voice, the object receives the action of the verb:
The passive voice is less common. In the passive voice, the subject receives the action of the verb:
|Mice||are eaten||by cats.|
See how the object of the active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb:
|passive||Water||is drunk||by everybody.|